Imbalance can indeed be a predominant cause of machine vibration, stress, and untimely failure. When a rotating machine, such as a motor or a rotor, is imbalanced, it means that its mass distribution is uneven. As a result, during operation, the uneven mass distribution causes centrifugal forces that generate vibration. This vibration can lead to various issues, including increased stress on the machine's components such as bearings, shafts, and gears. Additionally, the vibration itself can cause damage to other nearby equipment and structures, further exacerbating the potential for failures and safety hazards.
Balancing is particularly important for high-speed machinery where even small imbalances can have significant consequences. Reduced vibration means less energy is wasted on unnecessary movements and vibrations, leading to more energy-efficient operations.
Overall, addressing, and correcting imbalance through balancing procedures is essential for minimizing vibration-related issues, reducing stress on the machine, and promoting energy-efficient operations.
You may also like to read:
- Preventive Maintenance Using Vibration Analysis in Electric Induction Motors
- Rotodynamic Analysis Services from Technomax
- Turbo Machinery Analysis and Balancing
In-situ Dynamic Balancing
In-situ dynamic balancing is a technique used to balance rotating machinery while it is in its operational environment, without the need for disassembly. Unlike traditional balancing methods that require removing the machine from its location and sending it to a balancing facility, in-situ dynamic balancing allows for balancing adjustments to be made on-site.
The process of in-situ dynamic balancing involves the following steps:
- Measurement: Vibration sensors or accelerometers are strategically placed on the machine to measure its vibration levels. These sensors capture data on the magnitude and phase of the vibrations.
- Analysis: The measured vibration data is then analyzed to identify the source and magnitude of the imbalance. Specialized software or balancing equipment is typically used to analyze the data and determine the corrective actions required.
- Correction: Based on the analysis, the corrective measures are implemented to reduce the imbalance. This can involve adding or removing weight from specific locations on the rotating component. Common methods of adjustment include attaching balancing weights, drilling holes, or adding adhesive weights.
- Re-measurement: After the balancing adjustments are made, the vibration sensors are again used to measure the vibration levels. This step is crucial to verify the effectiveness of the corrective measures and ensure that the desired balance condition has been achieved.
Benefits of In-situ Dynamic Balancing
- The in-situ dynamic balancing technique eliminates the time-consuming and cost-intensive process of disassembly, transportation, and reassembly related to the balancing technique.
- It also avoids the possibility of causing rotor damage while also reducing the disruption to production.
- It takes time only to record the readings and add the required counterbalance weights.
- With in-situ dynamic balancing, you can reduce the vibration levels and make sure you maintain the expected machine life, minimize energy consumption, and avoid all associated breakdown costs involved.
- It enhances personal safety while making equipment failure less likely to happen.
- Machine operating under appropriate balance will minimize the structural stress and also improves productivity due to an increase in uptime.
Classification of In-situ dynamic balancing services
Dynamic balancing can be implemented in two ways- single-plane balancing/dual-plane balancing, and multi-plane balancing. The couple imbalance requires two planes to balance the machinery and minimize the vibration amplitude up to acceptable limits.
Single or Dual Plane Balancing:
- 1-2 balancing planes
- rigid rotors
- 1-4 sensors
- Real-time acquisition-amplitude and phase polar diagrams
- trim balancing
- steady-state speed acquisition
- report generation
- Residual imbalance acceptance as per ISO and balancing quality selection
- designed for non-experts
- multiple planes
- rigid or flexible rotors
- multichannel for 1X acquisition
- 1X data importing for amplitude versus rpm calculations after balancing correction
- steady state, run up, coast down
- balance for ranges of speeds,
- final multiplane report generation.
How often should we perform dynamic balancing in machines?
The frequency of dynamic balancing for machines depends on various factors, including the type of machine, its operating conditions, and the manufacturer's recommendations. Here are some general considerations regarding the frequency of dynamic balancing:
- Manufacturer Guidelines
- Operating Conditions
- Vibration Monitoring
- Maintenance Schedule
- Previous Balancing History
It's important to note that these are general guidelines, and the specific requirements for dynamic balancing may vary for different machines and industries. Engaging with a qualified maintenance professional or consulting the machine's manufacturer or a specialized balancing service provider can provide valuable insights and help establish an appropriate balancing schedule tailored to your specific equipment and operational needs.
Is In-situ dynamic balancing recommended for all types of machines?
In-situ dynamic balancing may not be recommended or feasible for all types of machines. The suitability of in-situ dynamic balancing depends on various factors, including the machine design, size, complexity, and the balancing requirements.
Here are some considerations:
- Machine Size and Accessibility
- Safety Considerations
- Balancing Accuracy
- Complex or Multi-stage Systems
- Specific Industry Standards or Guidelines
While in-situ dynamic balancing offers advantages in terms of cost, time savings, and on-site adjustments, it is important to consider the specific characteristics and requirements of the machine before deciding on the balancing method. Consulting with a qualified balancing service provider, maintenance professional, or referring to industry standards and guidelines can help determine the most suitable balancing approach for a particular machine.
Read more about:
- Equipment Performance Monitoring – Our Approach
- Maximising Plant Productivity Through Machinery Diagnosis
- Vibration Motion Magnification by Technomax
Optimize your Machinery Performance with Technomax
Rotating equipment like blowers, fans, turbines, generators, and so on operate under high-pressure and temperature usually.
Hence, they can be susceptible to wear and tear periodically which needs an appropriate maintenance schedule to keep vibration levels acceptable.
Dynamic balancing of the impeller or missionary components elevates the vibration levels, reduces power consumption, contributes to durability, and improves the overall bearing life of that machine.
At Technomax, we offer in-situ balancing services for rotating machinery to our clients in the UAE.
If you are a service company performing overhauling of impellers or belong to the production or process industry, our experts are at your reach giving the best solutions to satisfy your precision balancing requirements.