Dynamic Field Balancing- Why do we need it?
Table of Contents
- What is Dynamic Field Balancing?
- Benefits of Dynamic Field Balancing
- Importance of Dynamic Field Balancing
Rotating parts of machines should be free of vibration to ensure their smooth operation and long service life. Reducing your machinery’s vibration depends on various variables, including a smooth rotating shaft, good bearing condition, and proper lubrication. Still, one of the most effective ways to guarantee vibration-free activity is by symmetrical mass distribution. Even though designers aim to make machines as symmetrical as possible, all rotating bodies have weight asymmetries along the axis of rotation, which induces vibration. Vibrations make the machine noisier and shorten the life of its components, especially the bearings. Vibration can also cause structural fatigue stress, and excessive vibration can result in unsafe operating conditions due to catastrophic failures that occur unexpectedly. Motors and generators with dynamic field balancing can work better and more effectively for longer periods. By - noise, mitigating vibrations, and eliminating the possibility of dangerous, catastrophic failures, balancing would improve machine operators’ working environment.
What is dynamic field balancing?
Dynamic field balancing is a balancing machine that requires rapidly rotating parts and using electronic equipment to calculate the imbalance. The vibration can then be minimized by correcting the imbalance determined by adding or subtracting the rotating components’ weight. An imbalance in rotation induces an exponentially - centrifugal force, which causes a system to become gradually out of equilibrium, ultimately resulting in failure or breakdown. If no other external forces are applied, balancing precisely calibrated counterweights allows a rotation to remain dynamically balanced indefinitely.
Benefits of dynamic field balancing
The first thing to remember is that unbalance the most common cause of failure in any rotating machinery, but particularly in an electric motor. This can happen even after repairs have been made, such as replacing parts that have become faulty due to imbalance issues. Instability problems trigger excess vibration. If the root cause of the vibration is not resolved with dynamic field balancing, the repair component will most likely fail again because the system is already out of balance. Some of the benefits of dynamic field balancing include-
- Bearings are the most vulnerable parts of an electrical motor to vibration damage, so eliminating excess vibration by dynamic field balancing can significantly extend the life of your motor bearings.
- Excessive vibration produces noise, which, depending on the motor’s size, can be very loud.
- When a computer vibrates in an unintended manner, something must withstand the vibrations, which is usually the electric motor framework. Increased structural stress can lead to motor failure or even permanent damage.
- Operating an unbalanced motor incurs extra costs that you may not have expected. Not only will you have to hold and maintain auxiliary electric motors as replacements in the event of a malfunction, but you'll also have to factor in other costs. To perform the same tasks as a well-balanced electric motor, unbalanced motors can need more energy. Excess heat can be produced by the vibration, which must be handled in the plant.
- Electrical motors that are well balanced are therefore much better than those that are unbalanced. Unbalanced motors may fail suddenly for any of the reasons mentioned above, resulting in injuries to equipment operators or other plant workers. The increased vibration and noise can cause hearing problems and operator fatigue, which can reduce worker productivity and make them more vulnerable to making mistakes that lead to accidents.
- Electric motors that are well balanced are less likely to malfunction, resulting in less unplanned downtime in your store. Unplanned downtime results in production delays due to the need to remove damaged equipment for repair, purchase/pull another motor from storage, and get the new motor up and running. Motors that are well balanced last longer and require fewer repairs than unbalanced motors. As equipment runs smoothly, it produces less noise, which can reduce worker fatigue and increase productivity.
Importance of dynamic field balancing
Dynamic balancing will help ensure that the parts are operating properly.
- Removing dirt build-up will help remove the excess dirt that accumulates in the motor with constant use.
- Impeller erosion- The impeller increases the fluid’s velocity and pressure while also directing it towards the pump outlet. The pump casing is designed to constrict fluid entering the pump, guide it into the impeller, and then slow and control it before discharge.
- Internal corrosion of components- dynamic field balancing also prevents the corrosion of the motor’s parts and components to be used for a longer period.
- Imperfections, voids, and inclusions in the casting-
- Mismatched key lengths and keyways
- Mechanical and thermal distortion
- Due to loose parts or badly tapered hub fits, the mass of the vehicle is shifting.
- Previous attempts at balance have failed.
- The parts haven't been put together correctly.
- Noise reduction- A quiet electric motor is well-balanced. One of the first symptoms of a problem is noise. Vibration causes excessive noise, and if left unattended, vibration exacerbates the problem. Furthermore, noise can irritate or exhaust the operator or others at the workplace, resulting in lost productivity.
- Vibration reduction/elimination is a term used to describe the method of minimising or removing vibrations.
- Improved performance